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The Chronology of Displaced Trauma (pp. 263-269) $45.00
Authors:  Sreela P. Nair
Abstract:
Trauma therapy puzzles clinicians due to the non-availability of singular techniques that work in a majority of cases. Trauma is broadly seen as active trauma and displaced trauma, active suggesting current experience and displaced standing for recalled experience. Recalled trauma is further seen on two levels, compassion fatigue and trauma rekindled by passive memory. Displaced trauma requires a treatment way different from the methods used to treat victims of horrifying experiences who are likely to collapse when brought closer to the memory. The eminent clinician B. Naparstek sought to use image therapy to help patients in a dazed state reconnect with their somatic medium after they underwent dissociation as a result of the trauma. This method necessitates switching off the linguistic medium which could prove hazardous to the panicking victims. Since they are not in a frame to correlate logically the content words of the experience could reawaken terror and derail them again. Thus Naparstek introduced visual and auditory images to assist them to come out of the shocked state and distance them from the impact of trauma. But the therapeutic potential of language is vital with respect to displaced trauma. These victims have a more closely ordered and, for the most part, a codified sense of the experience. They can be brought back only by the deft use of language, as their very traumatic experience is linguistically couched in their psyche. It is this that makes them possess some logic of their situation, failing which they may become diffused and distraught like their worse counterparts suffering severe trauma. In order to decode or decipher the psychological structures language is a very powerful tool. Retracing the chronology of displaced trauma, it is seen to begin with the auto-language that holds the victims together without reacting diffusely for a long period of time. And it ends with what sense they make of their experience and how they deal with the world through an inbuilt linguistic cognitive process. The analysis makes use of the insights of the psycholinguist N. Chomsky who authored several discussions on the twin roles of the language and the mind. 


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The Chronology of Displaced Trauma (pp. 263-269)