Initial development and face validation of the Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale for adolescents (pp. 43-47)
Authors: Amy R de Paula, Emma L Friesen, Isabel Chapman, Vivian Lau, Narelle Pryor, Nicole Rae, Stephanie Tuck, Lindel Wilkenson, and Deb Woodforde
Abstract: Developing self-efficacy is important in adolescent Spinal Cord Injury rehabilitation. An adolescent-appropriate instrument for measuring self-efficacy is needed. Objective: This paper reports on the initial development and face validation of an adolescent version of the Moorong Self Efficacy Scale. Method: The instrument was developed by reviewing the Moorong Self Efficacy Scale, drafting adolescent-appropriate wording for all items, developing a measurement scale, and establishing face validity. Results: Wording for eleven items in the Moorong Self Efficacy Scale was changed. Five items were unchanged. Items addressing pain and bullying were added. A five-point, time-anchored Likert scale was developed. All items, and the measurement scale, were deemed credible by at least 80% of expert stakeholders, thereby establishing face validity. Conclusions: The instrument appears credible for measuring self-efficacy in adolescents with spinal cord injury. Further studies assessing the instrumentís psychometric properties are needed.