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Energetic Materials: Chemistry, Hazards and Environmental Aspects
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Editors: Jake R. Howell and Timothy E. Fletcher
Book Description:
Energetic materials including propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics are chemical compounds or mixtures that store significant quantities of energy. Nano energetic materials (nEMs) have the potentials of improved performance in terms of energy release, ignition, and mechanical properties compared to their bulk counterpart or microcounterpart. In this book, by comparing with traditional energetic materials, advantages of nEMs are first shown and explained. The characterization, modeling, and application of nEMs are also introduced, and the different approaches to the synthesis of nEMs are presented in detail. In addition, Remote Explosive Scent Tracing (REST) is a strategy adopted to detect landmines and/or unexploded ordinances (UXOs) by taking samples of air/dust/soil from suspected areas and presenting to animal detectors (dogs and rats) in remote laboratories. A critical review of the methods that have been used so far to extract explosive compounds from soil samples are presented. The methods are broadly classified into laboratory extractions and on-site analysis extractions. Moreover, this book focuses on the use of oxide semiconductors system combining organic dyes for the direct photo-splitting water for hydrogen generation. The topics covered include three main approaches in addressing the problems of efficiency, durability, and cost of water photolysis. The challenges facing in realizing highly efficient and durable photolytic system are also presented and possible solutions have been explicited. Other chapters review the use of dinitrogen pentoxide as an environmentally-friendly nitrating agents and brings the coverage of this topic up to date. Laser initiation of energetic materials is also explored, as well as the production, handling and use of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), one of the most heavily produced chemical compounds in the 20th century.


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Table of Contents:
Preface

Chapter 1. Extraction of Nitroaromatic Explosive Compounds from Soil: Critical Review, pp. 1-30
(Negussie W. Beyene, Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morgoro, Tanzania)

Chapter 2. Advances in Porphyrin-Based Photocatalytic 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Degradation, pp. 31-75
(Jason Robinson, H. James Harmon, Bell Helicopter Textron, Amarillo, TX, USA, and others)

Chapter 3. Clean Nitrations using Dinitrogen Pentoxide (N2O5) – A UK Perspective, pp. 77-106
(R. W. Millar, M. E. Colclough, A. W. Arber, R. P. Claridge, R. M. Endsor, J. Hamid, QinetiQ Ltd., Kent U.K.)

Chapter 4. Molecular Structure, Non-Isothermal Decomposition Kinetics, A Density-Functional Theoretical Investigation of its Dimers and Crystal Band Structure and Safety Performance of 4-amino-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (ATO) , pp. 107-140
(Haixia Ma, Heming Xiao, Jirong Song, Fengqi Zhao, Rongzu Hu, Hongxu Gao, College of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Shaanxi, China, and others)

Chapter 5. Nano Energetic Materials: Synthesis, Characterization, Modeling and Application, pp. 141-164
(Kaili Zhang, Pierre Alphonse, Christophe Tenailleau, Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Engineering Management, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China, and others)

Chapter 6. The Thermal Safety and A Density Functional Theoretical Study on 2,4,8,10 – Tetranitro – 2,4,8,10 – Tetraazaspiro [5,5] Undecane – 3,9 – Dione (TTUD), pp. 165-198
(Zhao Feng-Qi, Hu Rong-Zu, Gao Hong-Xu, Ma Hai-Xia, Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China, and others)

Chapter 7. Technological Progress towards High Performance Photochemical Electrode for Hydrogen Production, pp. 199-212
(Szu Cheng Lai, Lin Ke, Surani Bin Dolmanan, Yuan Ling Tan Christina, Benzhong Wang, Pramoda Kumari Pallathadaka, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore)

Chapter 8. Laser Initiation of PETN, pp. 213-227
(E. D. Aluker, N. L. Aluker, G. M. Belokurov, A. G. Krechetov, A. Y. Mitrofanov, D. R. Nurmukhameto, A. V. Tupitsyn, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia, and others)

Index pp.229-243

   Series:
      Chemistry Research and Applications
   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2011 - 1st Quarter
   Pages: 243.pp
   ISBN: 978-1-60876-267-5
   Status: AV
  
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
  
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Energetic Materials: Chemistry, Hazards and Environmental Aspects