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Venomous Snakes - Envenoming, Therapy
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Authors: Jiri Valenta (Resuscitation and Intensive Care, General Teaching Hospital, Charles University, Prague) 
Book Description:
This is a comprehensive monograph on the problems of intoxication incurred by snake venom. This publication is primarily intended for those at all levels of health care, for members of rescue teams, surgeries and emergency hospitals, as well as specialized workplaces and intensive care units. Providing didactic instructions for first aid and treatment procedures, information is also presented on venomous snakes, the fundaments of their morphology and behavior, snakebite prevention, the composition of snake venom, symptoms of envenoming, plus first aid in the event of snakebite for non-professionals, travelers, terrain biologists, and breeders. This book features an updated alphabetical list of types and sub-types of all venomous snakes, including their home ranges, as well as a comprehensive index, list of abbreviations, glossary, and color picture insert with one hundred photographs of venomous snakes.

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Table of Contents:

1 Zoological basis, pp. 1-16
1.1 Evolution and phylogeny of snakes
1.2 Taxonomy of snakes
1.3 Morphology of snakes
1.4 The venom apparatus in snakes
1.5 Distribution of venomous snakes
1.6 Ethology basis, hunting, attacks and defense
(5) Bibliography

2 Epidemiology of snakebites, pp. 17-27
2.1 Epidemiological notes
2.2 Europe
2.3 The Middle East
2.4 Africa
2.5 Asia
2.6 North America
2.7 Central and South America
2.8 Australia and Oceania
2.9 Global figures
(5) Bibliography

3 Snake venoms, pp. 27-49
3.1 Snake venoms - physical traits and composition
3.2 Effectiveness of snake venoms
3.3 Classification of snake venoms and their effects
3.3.1 Classification by type, site, and severity of envenomation
3.3.2 Classification by systemic effect and symptoms of envenomation Venom components with localized effects Venom components with neurotoxic activities
(5) Presynaptic neurotoxins
(5) Postsynaptic neurotoxins Venom components with effects on the cardiovascular apparatus Venom components with effects on the vessel wall Venom components with effects on hemocoagulation
(5) Venom components with effects on platelets
(5) Venom components with effects on the contact path of hemocoagulation activation
(5) Venom components activating prothrombin
(5) Venom components converting fibrinogen to fibrin
(5) Venom components degrading fibrinogen and fibrin
(5) Venom components inactivating antithrombin and other serpins
(5) C protein activating venom components
(5) Venom components affecting endothelium and the vessel wall Venom components affecting the complement Venom components possessing a myotoxic activity Venom components affecting the kidneys Allergenizing venom components Venom components with various activities and non-protein components
(5) Bibliography

4. 4 Snake antivenoms, pp. 51-57
4.1 History
4.2 Immunogenicity of snake venoms
4.3 Production, composition and types of antivenoms
4.4 Antivenom efficiency
4.5 Side-effects of antivenoms
(5) Early anaphylactic reactions
(5) Late anaphylactic reaction - a serum sickness
(5) Bibliography

5. 5 Snakebite: Therapy and prevention, pp. 59-84
5.1. Prevention
5.2 First aid
5.2.1 First aid for laypersons
5.2.2. Medicinal first aid
5.3 Hospital treatment
5.3.1 Specific treatment - immunotherapy Indications of antivenom administration Contraindication of antivenom administration Dosage and method of antivenom administration
5.3.2 Prevention and treatment of serum anaphylactic reactions
5.3.3 Clinical symptoms of envenomation and symptomatic treatment Local damage Absence of symptoms, envenomation prodromes Affection of nerve tissue and neuromuscular connections Rhythm and heart output disorders Hypotension and shock Hemocoagulation disorders Affection of muscles Renal failure
5.3.4 Plasmaferesis therapy
5.4 Convalescence following envenoming
(5) Bibliography

Special section

6 Envenoming and snakebite treatment in specific snake groups, pp. 85-233

6.1 Family: Colubridae, colubrids
6.1.1 Rhabdophis genus
6.1.2 Boiga genus
6.1.3 Dispholidus genus
6.1.4 Malpolon genus
6.1.5 Thelotornis genus
6.1.6 Some other genera of venomous colubrid snakes
(5) Bibliography

6.2 Family: Atractaspididae
6.2.1 Subfamily: Atractaspidinae Atractaspis genus
6.2.2 Subfamily: Aparallactinae
(5) Bibliography

6.3 Family: Elapidae, elapid snakes
6.3.1 Subfamily: Elapinae Aspidelaps genus, shield nosed cobras Bungarus genus, kraits Calliophis, Hemibungarus, and Maticora genera, Asian coral snakes Dendroaspis genus, mambas Naja genus, cobras Ophiophagus genus Other genera of African and Asian elapid snakes of the former Bungarinae subfamily Micrurus genus, coral snakes Leptomicrurus and Micruroides genera
(5) Bibliography
6.3.2 Subfamily: Hydrophiinae Terrestrial Austropapuan elapids (formerly: Oxyuraninae subfamily)
(5) Acanthophis genus, death adders
(5) Austrelaps genus, Australian copperheads
(5) Hoplocephalus genus
(5) Notechis genus, tiger snakes
(5) Oxyuranus genus, taipan
(5) Pseudechis genus, black snakes
(5) Pseudonaja genus, brown snakes
(5) Tropidechis genus
(5) Other species of Austropapuan terrestrial coral snakes (a former Oxyuraninae subfamily)
(5) Bibliography Aquatic genera of the Hydrophiinae subfamily (a former Hydrophiidae family)
(5) Bibliography

6.4. Family: Viperidae, viperids
6.4.1 Subfamily: Azemiopinae
6.4.2 Subfamily: Viperinae Adenorhinos and Atheris genera Bitis genus, puff adders Causus genus, night adders Cerastes genus, desert horned vipers Daboia genus Echis genus, saw-scaled vipers Eristicophis and Pseudocerastes genera Macrovipera genus, large Palearctic vipers Vipera genus, Palaearctic or Eurasian vipers Vipera ammodytes, the nose-horned viper Vipera berus, the common viper Vipera aspis, the asp viper Vipera palestinae, the Palestinian viper Vipera xanthina, the rock viper. Vipera raddei, the Armenian mountain viper
(5) Bibliography
6.4.3. 6.4.3 Subfamily: Crotalinae Agkistrodon, Calloselasma, Deinagkistrodonon, Gloydius, and Hypnale genera Atropoides, Bothriechis, Bothriopsis, Bothrocophias, Bothrops, Cerrophidion, Lachesis, Ophryacus, and Porthidium genera Crotalus and Sistrurus genera: rattlesnakes and ground rattlesnakes Ovophis - mountain pit vipers, Protobothrops and Trimeresurus - Asian pit vipers, and Tropidolaemus - temple vipers
(5) Bibliography

7 List of venomous snakes, pp. 235-288
7.1 Family: Colubridae, colubrids
7.2 Family: Atractaspididae
7.2.1 Subfamily: Atractaspidinae
7.2.2 Subfamily: Aparallactinae
7.3 Family: Elapidae, elapid snakes
7.3.1 Subfamily: Elapinae
7.3.2 Subfamily: Hydrophiinae Terrestrial species (formerly: Oxyuraninae subfamily) Aquatic species: true sea snakes and sea kraits (formerly: Hydrophiidae family, Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae subfamilies)
7.4. Family: Viperidae, viperids
7.4.1 Subfamily: Azemiopinae
7.4.2 Subfamily: Viperinae
7.4.3 Subfamily: Crotalinae

Glossary pp.289-300

Author's Affiliation pp.301-302

Index pp.303-322

Pictures pp.323-340

      Reptiles - Classification, Evolution and Systems
   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2011 - 2nd quarter
   Pages: 340.pp
   ISBN: 978-1-60876-618-5
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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Venomous Snakes - Envenoming, Therapy