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Homeostatic Role of the Parasympathetic Nervous System in Human Behavior
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Authors: Aurélien Pichon and Didier Chapelot (Laboratoire des Réponses Cellulaires et Fonctionnelles à l'Hypoxie, Université Paris, Bobigny, France) 
Book Description:
It was recently proposed that respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) reflects the ability of the organism to integrate behavioral and metabolic demands, improving its homeostasis efficiency. Since the various anatomical and functional levels of the vagus nerve provide the conceptual basis of this allostatic model, it was designed under the name of the polyvagal theory. Therefore, altered RSA responses to various challenges could help to detect some dysfunctional states. The putative homeostatic roles of this vagal loop i.e., afferent and efferent pathways are reviewed here, in the domain of various psychological and behavioral homeostasis. Evaluation of the autonomic activity was issued from the temporal and frequency domain analyses of heart rate variability (HRV). For the purpose of preventing overtraining, a heuristic sequential psychological and sympathovagal evolution is proposed, called the multistage psycho-autonomic model of adaptation to training (MPAMAT).

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Table of Contents:
1. Introduction pp.1-4

2. Parasympathetic activity and fatigue pp.5-16
2.1. Parasympathetic activity and chronic fatigue syndrome
2.1.1. Chronic fatigue syndrome and autonomic imbalance
2.1.2. Psychometric assessment of fatigue in CFS and relation with autonomic imbalance
2.2. Parasympathetic activity and overtraining
2.2.1. Overtraining syndrome and autonomic imbalance
2.2.3. Mood alterations and relation with autonomic imbalance
2.3. The multistage psychoautonomic model of adaptation to training

3. Parasympathetic nervous system and eating behavior pp.17-24
3.1. HRV as a method of assessing postprandial sympathovagal balance
3.2. Prandial pattern and the problem of meal definition
3.3. Cephalic phase reflexes
3.3.1. Cephalic phases reflexes: roles and mechanisms
3.3.2. Cephalic phase of insulin release
3.4. Lipoprivic feeding
3.5. Putative role of the parasympathetic nerveux system in eating behavior: the lessons of subdiaphragmatic vagal deafferentation
3.6. Portal glucose receptors, vagal afferents and eating behavior

4. Conclusion pp.25-42

Index pp.43-48

      Neuroscience Research Progress
   Binding: Softcover
   Pub. Date: 2010, 2nd quarter
   Pages: 48.pp
   ISBN: 978-1-60876-804-2
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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Homeostatic Role of the Parasympathetic Nervous System in Human Behavior