Tunga penetrans is a sand flea in the order siphonaptera and is parasitizing various mammalian hosts including humans in resource-poor communities. Life cycle is characterized by egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Female sand flea penetrates hostís skin, and its abdomen is enlarged by the developing eggs thus causing tungiasis. Regular treatment of animals lowers the parasite burden. This new book includes recent research from around the globe in this field.