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Mountaintop Mining: Background and Issues
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Editors: Madison A. Hall
Book Description:
Mountaintop removal mining involves removing the top of a mountain in order to recover the coal seams contained there. It creates an immense quantity of excess spoil (dirt and rock that previously composed the mountaintop), which is typically placed in valley fills on the sides of the former mountains, burying streams that flow through the valleys. Critics say that, as a result of valley fills, stream water quality and the aquatic wildlife habitat that streams support are destroyed by tons of rocks and dirt. The mining industry argues that mountaintop mining is essential to conducting surface coal mining in the Appalachian region and that surface coal mining would not be economically feasible there if producers were restricted from using valleys for the disposal of mining overburden. This book provides background on regulatory requirements, controversies and legal challenges to mountaintop mining.
(Imprint: Nova)

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Table of Contents:
Preface

Mountaintop Mining: Background on Current Controversies, pp. 1-13
(Claudia Copeland)

Surface Coal Mining: Characteristics of Mining in Mountainous Areas of Kentucky and West Virginia, pp. 15-68
(GAO)

Controversies over Redefining "Fill Material" under the Clean Water Act, pp. 69-79
(Claudia Copeland)

Surface Coal Mining: Financial Assurances for, and Long-Term Oversight of, Mines with Valley Fills in Four Appalachian States, pp. 81-124
(GAO)

Improving EPA Review of Appalachian Surface Coal Mining Operations under the Clean Water Act, National Environmental Policy Act, and the Environmental Justice Executive Order, pp. 125-153
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

Reforestation of Title IV and Title V Mined Lands, pp. 155-161
(U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement)

Chapter Sources pp.161-162

Index pp.163-167

   Series:
      Mining Engineering - Research and Technology
   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2011
   Pages: 167.pp
   ISBN: 978-1-61728-936-1
   Status: AV
  
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
  
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Mountaintop Mining: Background and Issues