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Photoionization of Polyvalent Ions $55.00
Authors: Doris Möncke and Doris Ehrt (Otto-Schott-Institut für Glasschemie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena, Germany) 
Book Description:
The effect of polyvalent dopants on photoinduced defect formation was studied in different glasses. Ionization of the glass matrix results in intrinsic defects, positively charged hole and negatively charged electron centers. Polyvalent dopants can be photooxidized or photoreduced. These extrinsic defects might replace selectively one or several intrinsic defects and/or cause an increase in the number of opposite charged defects. Photoionization can also result in unusual dopant valences otherwise not observed in glasses.The systematic comparison of different dopants and glass systems irradiated by excimer lasers helps to understand defect generation processes and might eventually help in the design of UV-resistant or UV-sensitive glasses. Defect formation occurs in the ppm range and was analyzed by optical and EPR spectroscopy. A series of polyvalent dopants such as typical trace impurities, glass or melt additives and typical dopants used for optical components like filter glasses, optical sensors, fluorophores or photochromes, were studied. Distinct melting conditions give rise to different valences of various dopants and as a consequence different photoinduced redox-reactions might be observed after irradiation. Some dopants are photooxidized while others are photoreduced Some defects recombine easily or transform into more stable defects while others are stable for months or years.

Table of Contents:
Preface

Introduction; pp. 1-2

2. Experimental Section; pp. 3-6

2.1. Sample Preparation

2.2. Radiation Sources

2.3. UV-VIS-Spectroscopy

2.4. EPR-Spectroscopy

3. Matrix Glass Types and Intrinsic Defects; pp. 7-12

3.1. (Fluoride)-Phosphate Glasses

3.2. Borosilicate Glasses

3.3. Extrinsic Defects

4. 3D Ions; pp. 13-32

5. 4D and 5D Ions; pp. 33-48

6. Post Transition Metal Ions; pp. 49-68

7. Photoreactions and Defect Stability; pp. 69-72

Conclusion; pp. 73-74

Acknowledgments

Index

   Series:
      Materials Science and Technologies
   Binding: ebook
   Pub. Date: 2009 - 3rd Quarter
   ISBN: 978-1-61728-661-2
   Status: AV
  
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
  
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Photoionization of Polyvalent Ions