Book Description: Intellectuals and the Chinese Communist Party: Radical Education during the Rising Age of Communism in China from 1920 to 1949
provides an analytical survey of the Communist education and propaganda programs from 1920 to 1949. Four parts constitute the book, covering various periods of the Communist revolution. Part One deals with the early years of the Communist Party (1920-1927), when revolutionary intellectuals endeavoured to publish labour journals, formed workers’ schools, and set up cadre training sites in metropolitan centres and industrial towns. Part Two discusses Jiangxi Era (1929-1934), during which the party leaders launched experimental projects to build an education structure strikingly different from modern bourgeois schooling systems. Part Three centres on the Yan’an decade (1937-1945), in which the Communist higher learning institutions are elaborated, mass education in Shaan-Gan-Ning border region is surveyed, and the contention between Maoist reformers and professional educators is tackled. The last part of the book observes the Civil War Years, a period that began with ferocious warfare, but ended in a twilight of peace. By late 1948, regularization attempts had terminated the chaotic situation to dominate Communist schools in which the descendants of the labouring classes are now enrolled.
This work looks at the changing relation between revolutionary intellectuals and the Communist party through the prism of the party’s radical education, an area that is not clearly charted and well explored in the English-speaking world. In the early years of the revolution, although the party’s painstaking propaganda efforts invigorated labour activism and militancy, its inflammatory messages contained paradoxes and discrepancies, the seeds leading to intellectuals’ degradation. By 1926 and 1927, harsh criticism of the educated people culminated into a policy to proletarianize the vanguard organization, turning intellectuals, and the indispensable force of education into “suspicious elements”. The same policy line went through the entire Jingxi Era. Making “use of heretofore little-known publications of archival materials”, this book “shows how campaign-style politics and suspicion of intellectuals were already present in those early years” (Michael Szonyi). The Yan’an decade is represented as a significant new phase of the party-intellectual relation as the party leader Mao Zedong not only eagerly enlisted and rewarded intellectuals’ service, but also imposed ideological and organizational conformity on his educated subordinates. Overall, “this is a defiantly brave book”, which deals with “a politically charged subject such as political education”. “Scholars will find in her account much with which they may disagree”. “(T)his is a book to learn from” (Bryan Palmer). (Imprint: Nova)
“The middle section of the book, on education in the Jiangxi Soviet period, is the most interesting. It makes use of heretofore little-known publications of archival materials to tell the story of how intellectuals and party leaders crafted an educational policy at a critical phase in the Revolution. Strikingly, it shows how campaign-style politics and suspicion of intellectuals were already present in those early years, foreshadowing later developments after the CCP came to power.” - Dr. Michael Szonyi, Director of Fairbank Center for China Studies, Professor in Department of East Asia Studies, Harvard University
“Overall, this is a defiantly brave book, which deals a politically charged subject such as political education. Scholars will find in her account much with which they may disagree. Yet, this is a book to learn from.” - Bryan D. Palmer, FRSC; Professor and Chair, Canadian Studies, Canada Research Chair, Trent University, Peterborough ON Canada
“In my opinion, this work deals with an important period in Chinese history, discusses significant issues during the Chinese Communist Revolution, and makes original arguments on a number of issues based on solid sources.” - Dr. Zhao Shiyu, Professor in Dept. of History, Beijing University
"This work studies Chinese Communist Party’s education and propaganda programs before 1949. Since few English works deal with the topic in national scope and during a long historical period, it fills a gap." - Dr. Wang Qisheng, Professor in Department of History, Beijing University
We’ve partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to make it easy for you to request permissions to reuse Nova content.
For more information, click here or click the "Get Permission" button below to link directly to this book on Copyright Clearance Center's website.