This book provides a focus on Cuba; its past, present and future and U.S. policy options for a post-Castro Cuba. The U.S. has a long history of involvement with Cuba. During the Cold War, Fidel Castro's Communist takeover on January 1, 1959, heightened U.S. concerns and highlighted the threat Cuba posed as a strategic ally of the Soviet Union. The collapse of the Soviet bloc regime in the 1990s raised hopes for an end to the Communist regime in Cuba. However, the Cuban dictator has held an authoritarian one-man rule for almost 5 decades. As in past years, the main issue for U.S. policy toward Cuba in the 110th Congress has been how to best support political and economic change in one of the world's remaining communist nations. Congress is examining policy toward Cuba in the context of a post-Castro Cuba. Raul Castro, who had served as provision head of government since July 2006, was selected on February 24, 2008, by Cuba's legislature to continue in that role officially. Many believe that it will be important to look at other political figures that could be eventual successors. This book is designed to contribute to the process of understanding the strategic and political implications attendant to Castro's eventual demise or incapacitation. Attention is drawn to the need to anticipate possible transition or succession scenarios and the consequences that might follow are examined as well as the role that the U.S. might be called to play.