This book provides direct guidance on how to be ethical , both when considering the subject matter of ethics generally and when facing specific decisions that need to be made in which ethical considerations are called into play. Many diverse descriptions and contentions exist about what is right and what is wrong. Maintaining strong beliefs about morality is commonplace. Positing ethical systems is a continual exercise of humankind. That hard part is to distinguish ethical systems and positions from each other in a critical and comprehensive manner in terms of their validity. We can all say that certain things are right and wrong, or that they are not right and wrong. We have a harder time providing explanations of why we have taken those positions that are both understandable and satisfactory. This book attempts to do just that on the what and how of being ethical.