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Amorphous Materials: Research, Technology and Applications
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Editors: Jason R. Telle and Norman A. Pearlstine
Book Description:
Amorphous materials, also known as soft glass, lack a definite form. Computer modeling of liquid and amorphous metals has a rather long history. Due to computer facilities progress, possibilities of construction of adequate model of liquid or amorphous metal have considerably increased. New results and also some problems that have arisen in the literature are discussed in this book. In particular, problems of ambiguity of correlation structure- interaction potential, topological aspects of structural characteristics of non-crystalline system and feature of diffusion in amorphous systems are discussed.

Bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) have enabled the measurements of various physical as well as mechanical properties that were often impossible. Thermal expansion is one of the most important thermodynamic characteristics and is strongly correlated to the amorphous structures of metallic glasses. Thus, the relationship of fragility and dilatation with glass-forming ability of Pr-based bulk metallic glasses are explored.

Phase-change memory technology is based on the high speed reversible amorphous-to-crystalline transformation of a thin film material and utilizes the difference in the optical or electrical properties between both states. In this book, stoichiometric and eutectic doped with additional elements (oxygen and nitrogen) films, having amorphous and crystalline structures, are reviewed. In addition, the influence of phase-change material composition on amorphous phase stability, crystallization temperature, crystallization rates, optical and electric contrast are discussed.

The solid-state characteristics play an important role during the development and manufacture of medicinal products, because they may influence the effectiveness, stability as well as the processibility of pharmaceutical systems. The amorphous state is critical in determining the solid-state physical and chemical properties of many pharmaceutical dosage forms. The main reason of the growing interest toward amorphous materials is the need to improve the bioavailability of compounds with poor aqueous solubility. The amorphous state is also of great importance for excipients used in various dosage forms. These developments are discussed in this book as well as the tracking of the ageing process of amorphous materials that is possible using an array of techniques (calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction).

Finally, Hydrogen is emerging as a strong candidate to replace fossil fuels. Hydrogen storage through metal hydrides is the most compact and safe form of storing this gas. Mg alloys, which are known to have large storage capacities and great improvements in activity are examined when they are obtained when these alloys are synthesized with amorphous structures.

Table of Contents:

Chapter 1. Computer Modeling of Amorphous Metals;pp. 1-52
(David K. Belashchenko, Moscow Inst. of Steel and Alloys, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Chapter 2. Novel Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Soft Magnetic Materials;pp. 53-104
(Nuria Iturriza,1, Juan José del Val, Arkadi P. Zhukov1, Ignacio García,2, José A. Pomposo2 and Julián González1, 1Department of Materials Physics, Faculty of Chemistry, University of the Basque Country, Pº Manuel de Lardizabal,3, San Sebastian, Spain
2New Materials Department, CIDETEC – Centre for Electrochemical Technologies, Pº Miramón, San Sebastián, Spain)

Chapter 3. Relationship Of Fragility and Dilatation with Glass-forming Ability of Pr-Based Bulk Metallic Glasse;pp. 105-132
(Qingge Meng, Shuguang Zhang, Mingxu Xia, Jianguo Li, Shangai University,China, Xiufung Bian,Shandog University,Jinan,China, et al.)

Chapter 4. Studies of Isolated Pores in Non-Graphitazable Carbon by Solid-State NMR;pp. 133-146
(Kazuma Gotoh, Graduate School of Natural Science & Technology, Okayama Univ. Okayama, Japan, and Aisaku Nagai, Kureha Corp., Tokyo, Japan)

Chapter 5. Ge:Sb:Te Stoichiometric and Eutectic Films for Phase-Change Memory Technology;pp. 147-184
(E. Prokhorov, J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, CIMAV, Miguel de Cervantes, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, Mexico)

Chapter 6. Significance of the Amorphous State - A Pharmaceutical Approach;pp. 185-217
(Istvan Antal, Dept. of Pharmaceutics, Semmelweis Univ., Budapest, Hungary, Romana Zelko, Univ. Pharmacy Dept. of Pharmacy Administration, Semmelweis Univ., Budapest, Hungary)

Chapter 7. Fundamentals and Technological Applications of Hydrogen Absorbing Mg Amorphous Alloys;pp. 219-237
(Sydney F. Santos, CECS Federal University of ABC, Brazil, Tomaz T. Ishikawa, Dept. of Materials Engineering, Federal Univ. of Sao Carlo, Brazil, Edson A. Ticianelli Institute of Chemistry, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil)

Chapter 8. Reuse Strategies for Dual-Layer Organic Photoreceptors;pp. 239-253
(David M. Goldie, Division of Electronic Engineering and Physics, Univ. of Dundee, United Kingdom, Martin J. Ball, Ricoh UK Products Ltd, Priorslee, Telford, Shropshire, United Kingdom)

Chapter 9. A New Approach to the Ab Initio Generation of Amorphous Semiconducting Structures: Electronic and Vibrational Studies;pp. 255-318
(Ariel A. Valladares, Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, México)


   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2009
   Pages: 335 pp.
   ISBN: 978-1-60692-235-4
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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Amorphous Materials: Research, Technology and Applications