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01.Geopolitics of the South China Sea in the Coming Decades
02.Terrorism in Southeast Asia
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Terrorism in Southeast Asia $45.00
Authors: Bruce Vaughn, Emma Chanlett-Avery, Thomas Lum et al. 
Book Description:
Since September 2001, the United States has been concerned with radical Islamist groups in Southeast Asia, particularly those in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore that are known to have ties to the Al Qaeda terrorist network. Southeast Asia is a base for past, current, and possibly future Al Qaeda operations. For nearly fifteen years, Al Qaeda has penetrated the region by establishing local cells, training Southeast Asians in its camps in Afghanistan, and by financing and cooperating with indigenous radical Islamist groups. Indonesia and the southern Philippines have been particularly vulnerable to penetration by anti-American Islamic terrorist groups. Members of one indigenous network, Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), with extensive ties to Al Qaeda, are known to have helped two of the September 11, 2001 hijackers and have confessed to plotting and carrying out attacks against Western targets. These include the deadliest terrorist attack since September 2001: the October 12, 2002 bombing in Bali, Indonesia, that killed approximately 200 people, mostly Westerners.

On September 9, 2004, a suicide bombing attack thought to be the work of JI struck the Australian Embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 and wounding around 200. In October 2005, three suicide bombers exploded bombs within minutes of one another in Bali, killing more than 20 people. These attacks suggest that JI remains capable of carrying out relatively large-scale plots against Western targets, despite the arrest or death of hundreds of JI members, including most of its known leadership. To combat the threat, the Bush Administration has pressed countries in the region to arrest suspected terrorist individuals and organizations, deployed over 1,000 troops to the southern Philippines to advise the Philippine military in their fight against the violent Abu Sayyaf Group, launched a Regional Maritime Security Initiative to enhance security in the Straits of Malacca, increased intelligence sharing operations, restarted military-military relations with Indonesia (including restoring International Military Education and Training [IMET]), and provided or requested from Congress over $1 billion in aid to Indonesia and the Philippines. The responses of countries in the region to both the threat and to the U.S. reaction generally have varied with the intensity of their concerns about the threat to their own stability and domestic politics.

In general, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines were quick to crack down on militant groups and share intelligence with the United States and Australia, whereas Indonesia began to do so only after attacks or arrests revealed the severity of the threat to their citizens. That said, many governments view increased American pressure and military presence in their region with ambivalence because of the political sensitivity of the issue with both mainstream Islamic and secular nationalist groups. Indonesia and Malaysia are majority Muslim states while the Philippines and Thailand have sizeable, and historically alienated and separatist-minded, Muslim minorities.

Table of Contents:


The 9/11 Commission’s Recommendations

Background — The Rise of Islamic Militancy and Terrorism in Southeast Asia
The Rise of Al Qaeda in Southeast Asia

The Jemaah Islamiyah Network

History of Jemaah Islamiyah

Jemaah Islamiyah’s Relationship to Al Qaeda

Jemaah Islamiyah’s Size and Structure

Major Plots and Attacks

The Trial of Baasyir

Recent Activities

Focus Countries



Shifts in Jakarta’s Counter-Terrorism Policy

Recent Developments

The Philippines

Phase One of U.S.-Philippine Military Cooperation

The MILF and the MNLF

The Philippine Communist Party (CPP)

Phase Two of U.S.-Philippine Military Cooperation?


Violence Continues in Southern Provinces

Central Government Response

Possible Foreign Involvement

Criticism of Thaksin’s Approach

Tension in Regional Relations

Thailand as a Convenient Base

A New Front in the War on Terror?


Recent Developments


Reformed Homeland Security Apparatus and Counterterror Strategy

Increased Intelligence Sharing

Bilateral and Multilateral Cooperation


Cambodia and Burma: New Countries of Convenience?

Options and Implications for U.S. Policy

Strategies for Combating Terrorism in Southeast Asia


Military Options

Short- and Long-Term Capacity-Building Strategies

Public Diplomacy

Multilateral Efforts


The Philippines


Role of Congress/Legislation


The “Leahy” Amendment Restriction on Military Aid

The Impact of 9/11

FY2005 Request for Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand

Other CRS Products Dealing with Terrorism in Asia

Appendix A: U.S. Assistance to Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand
Since September 2001

Appendix B: Restrictions on Aid to Indonesia Since the “Leahy Amendment” to the FY1992 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act

FY2002 Foreign Operations Appropriations — Seven Criteria for

FY2002 Supplemental Appropriation for Combating Terrorism
(P.L. 107-206/H.R. 4775)

FY2003 Foreign Operations Appropriations (P.L. 108-7/H.J.Res. 2)

FY2004 Foreign Operations Appropriations (P.L. 108-199)

FY2005 Foreign Operations Appropriations (P.L. 108-447)

Appendix C: Maps


   Binding: ebook
   Pub. Date: 2008 4th Quarter
   ISBN: 978-1-60876-258-3
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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