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OMITTED STIMULUS REACTION TIME: A NEW TOOL FOR EXPLORING COGNITIVE AND MOTOR SKILLS $100.00
Authors:  Oscar H. Hernández, Muriel Vogel-Sprott and Victor Monteón
Abstract:
The time between a stimulus and a response is commonly assumed to reflect the sum
of the duration of a series of mental and motor processes. The source of the timing delay
related to these processes has been determined by partitioning the total reaction time (RT)
into premotor RT and motor RT components. The procedure of fractionating RT to the
presentation of a stimulus has been applied to simple and choice RT tasks. However,
people also commonly make a response to the omission of some regular stimulus. This
chapter focuses on the omitted stimulus reaction time (OSRT) task, which presents a
series of sensory stimuli that require an immediate response to the omission of the train
of stimuli. Unlike the reaction to the presentation of a stimulus, the reaction to an omitted
stimulus is triggered by an internal process and is considered to require additional
cognitive loads. Research evidence suggests that during the premotor fraction, the mental
processes underlying motor skills occur. The chapter describes independent changes in
the two OSRT components when several factors are manipulated (e.g., sensory modality,
inter-stimulus interval or training). The relation of premotor and motor components to the
brain wave, known as the omitted stimulus potential (OSP), are also examined. The 


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OMITTED STIMULUS REACTION TIME: A NEW TOOL FOR EXPLORING COGNITIVE AND MOTOR SKILLS