MARITAL PATTERNS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT AMONG IMMIGRANTS FROM ETHIOPIA AND FSU pp. 45-68
Authors: Gila Markovitzky and Hadas Doron
Abstract: The research examines the contribution of marital patterns (role division, decision making, and marital quality) to the psychological adjustment (psychological well-being, emotional state, and satisfaction) of new immigrants in Israel, according to country of origin and gender. Self reported questionnaires were filled by 236 new immigrants: 112 from the FSU and 124 from Ethiopia, who came to Israel between 1990 and 2001. The findings indicate that the most important predictor of adjustment was country of origin: immigrants from Ethiopia displayed a higher level of psychological adjustment relative to those from the CIS. Among women and men from Ethiopia, level of egalitarianism in role division and decision-making was found to correlate significantly with psychological responses. In comparison, the immigrants from the FSU reported more equality in the family, but this was not correlated with psychological adjustment. Of all the subgroups, the Ethiopian women demonstrated the highest level of adjustment.