EXTENDING THE STRESSOR-STRAIN PERSPECTIVE: A REVIEW AND ELABORATION OF THE POSSIBILITY TO REVERSE CAUSALITY IN ROLE STRESS MODELS pp. 145-160
Authors: Daniel Örtqvist and Joakim Wincent
Abstract: Although the current state of role stress research has to a large extent determined significant consequences, we highlight that the field do not acknowledge the complexity of role relationships, especially occasions of reverse causality. In opening a dialogue, we discuss the possibility to an extension of the stressor-strain paradigm, that is the dominant perspective in role stress research, from explaining linear causal chains of detrimental consequences of role stress to instead researching reversed causality relationships with alternatives theories. Although we concur with previous findings, we elaborate upon the fact that what have long been indicated as important consequences of role stress may also be antecedents to role stress. This paper examines theoretical implications of questioning causality, review typical causal role stress models and outline some method implications for using a cross-lagged design for researching reversed causality of the current role stress consequences.