ROLE STRESS IN FLEXIBLE AND CREATIVE ROLES: SOME SUGGESTIONS ON HOW TO IDENTIFY POSITIVE CONSEQUENCES pp. 161-172
Authors: Joakim Wincent and Daniel Örtqvist
Abstract: In this paper we illustrate that much of the traditional role stress research has related to quite static roles in role taking systems where effects of role stress typically have been viewed as detrimental (i.e., the stressor-strain perspective). We suggest a brighter picture in that role stress can have positive consequences when roles are constructed to have enough flexibility, freedom and creativity to allow for pertinent coping alternatives. In relation to this perspective, we present three approaches for examining the nature of stress and for evaluating whether role stress can have positive consequences given certain role characteristics.