A Preliminary Study of Leisure-Time Wheeling and Aerobic Fitness in People with Spinal Cord Injury, pp. 579-592
Authors: Rebecca L. Bassett, Amy Latimer and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis
Abstract: Background: The relationship between leisure-time (LT)-wheeling and aerobic fitness (fitness, V02peak) has never been examined among people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Evidence-based physical activity guidelines (e.g., the specific types and amounts of physical activity required to produce specific health and fitness outcomes) are necessary for the SCI population in order to improve long-term prognosis. Understanding the relationship between fitness and specific types and durations of activity is an important step in the development of such guidelines. Objectives: To examine whether fitness was more strongly correlated with LTwheeling performed in longer bouts (>10 min) versus cumulative LT-wheeling. Methods: Individuals with SCI (N=43, 70% male, 67% with paraplegia, 61% complete SCI, M age = 39.91 years, M years post SCI = 11.70) recalled wheeling activities and performed an arm ergometer test to determine fitness. Statistical analyses consisted of correlational analyses and Steigerís z-tests. Results: Cumulative LT-wheeling was positively correlated with fitness. There were no differences in the relationship between fitness and cumulative LT-wheeling versus fitness and bouts > 10 minutes. Conclusions: Results indicate that LT-wheeling is positively correlated with fitness. LT-wheeling of shorter or longer bouts have a comparable relationship with fitness.