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Extreme Temperature as a Cause of Violence pp. 1-34 $0.00
Authors:  (John Simister (Birkbeck College, University of London, UK)and Cary Cooper (Lancaster University, UK)
Abstract:
This chapter outlines the claim, now widely accepted among scientists, that there tends to be more crime when the temperature is high. Perhaps the most often-discussed effect of this pattern is that in most or all cities, there tends to be more violent crime in summer months than in cooler months. Other effects of the temperature-violence link have also been reported, such as geographical variation in crime rates: hot places tend to have high rates of violent crime, relative to cool locations. Various types of violence seem to be affected by high temperature: several kinds of violent crimes, but also (often unreported) domestic violence. We investigate these claims, and examine various types of evidence on whether or not this hypothesized link between temperature and violence is true. We also consider possible explanations for these patterns. Despite much agreement on the existence of a link between temperature and violence, there are several controversies in this field. One issue we explore is whether or not violence continues to rise if the temperature gets higher, or whether there is a ‗curvilinear‘ pattern – in which rates of violence tend to decline above a particular temperature. We also investigate various mechanisms which have been put forward to explain the observed patterns; in particular, we discuss claims that increased prevalence of violence is due to the effects of culture, or due to stress hormones. 


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Extreme Temperature as a Cause of Violence pp. 1-34