Pattern of Dermatological Disorders among Adolescents in Suburban Rural School in South India
Authors: Ganapathy Kalaiselvan and Kaliaperumal Karthikeyan
Abstract: The adolescent are a vulnerable group of population susceptible to a variety of skin diseases. Our aim was to review the pattern of dermatoses in adolescent school children. A total of 1,246 adolescents were screened for skin disorders. Out of them 657 (52.7%) were girls and 589 (47.3) boys. Among the 1,246 examined, 527(42.9%) had dermatological problems. Female adolescents (288) outnumbered the males (239). Most of them belonged to age group of 15-18 year olds (63%). Acne vulgaris (16.1%) was the most common disease seen among the study group. Pediculosis was the second most common disease followed by polymorphous light eruption, fungal infections and scabies. The other disorders seen included psoriasis, seborrhea capitis, pityriasis alba, phrynoderma, neurofibromatosis, verruca vulgaris, xerosis, lichen striatus, alopecia areata and melanocytic nevus. The study helped us to identify the diseases prevalent in the adolescent community and orient the health education to suit their needs.