Home Environment as a Determinant of Psychological Hardiness among Creative Indian Adolescents in Urban and Rural Areas
Authors: Jagpreet Kaur and Kulwinder Singh
Abstract: The role of psychological hardiness in stress reduction and enhancing self-esteem and social competence, as well as life-satisfaction including success has been documented in a varied manner by Western researchers. In a similar vein, the present investigation is an attempt to study home environment as a determinant of psychological hardiness in a random sample of 1,011 Indian adolescents through descriptive method of research. The results of the study revealed creative adolescents to be more hardy than their non-creative counterparts. Further, the adolescents having higher levels of control, protectiveness, conformity, reward, nurturance and permissiveness were more hardy than their counterparts with lower level of these home environment dimensions. Further, creative adolescents with more protectiveness and permissiveness component of home environment were found to be more hardy than their counterparts having low level of these home environment dimensions. The results of the study emphasize upon the improvement of home environment in terms of parental control, conformity, reward and nurturance for enhancing psychological hardiness and creativity among adolescents.