Factors of Burnout in High School Coaches pp. 43-54
Authors: Shelley H. Bradford and Christopher M. Keshock
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the level (degree) of burnout experienced by high school varsity coaches as a function of sport classification, and whether or not that level differs between current and former coaches. The sample included 124 high school coaches in Florida. Burnout was assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) subscales of Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishment. Results of Chi-Square analyses indicated there was a significant relationship between sport classification coached (minor, major, or both) and levels of burnout on the MBI subscales of Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization. In addition, higher levels of Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization were more likely to be experienced by minor sport coaches than major sport coaches or coaches of both sport classifications. A 2 x 3 analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a statistically significant difference between sport classification and coaching status on the MBI subscale of Personal Accomplishment. These findings highlighted the importance of burnout in high school coaches and the central role that job stress plays in attrition and turnover in the coaching profession. The implications of the findings were discussed and suggestions for future research were noted.