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Global Warming in the 21st Century: The Impact on Agricultural Production in Kenya $100.00
Authors:  Millicent Kabara, Jane Kabubo-Mariara, Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources, School of Economics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Abstract:
Suitability of agricultural activities is based on agro-climatic zones. There are seven agro-climatic zones in Kenya ranging from humid to very arid. These zones are developed based on moisture index depending on annual rainfall which is expressed as a percentage of evapotranspiration. Areas receiving rainfall above 1100mm and mean annual temperature below 18oC are classified as medium to high potential areas while areas receiving rainfall below 1100mm and mean annual temperatures above 22oC are classified as semi-humid to very arid areas (Karanja 2006). The current agro-climatic zones were however developed based on past climate trends in the 1980s. Currently this zoning may be limited owing to the changes in climate over the years.
Nonetheless, they still guide agricultural activities in terms of determination of which crops are suitable for particular zones. High potential areas constituting about 20% of Kenya land area are suitable for crops i.e. food crops, cash crops and even horticultural crops. Low potential areas constituting about 80% of Kenya land area are mainly suitable for livestock production and other heat resistant crops such as cassava and millet that do well under hot farming conditions. However, some areas in the ASALs are too dry that given the existing technology are only suitable for nomadic practices. 


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Global Warming in the 21st Century: The Impact on Agricultural Production in Kenya