Current Trends in the Clinical Utility of Bone Mineral Density to Assess Fracture Risk in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis, pp. 165-190
Authors: P.S. Narayana Murthy, Arvind Tripathi, Ronauk Singh, Rajat Mathur, Man Mohan Singh, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, France and others
Abstract: With increased longevity worldwide, there also is a greater expectation that good health is maintained through to the late decade. Menopause, accompanied by cumulative bone loss, can potentially compromise skeleton‘s structural integrity, resulting in painful and debilitating fractures primarily of the wrist, spine and femur. The condition of osteoporosis is also known to result in bone loss in alveolar processes of the maxilla and mandible that provide bony framework for tooth anchorage and may contribute to resorption in both condylar and temporal components of the tempororo-mandibular joint, which could lead to its dysfunction and pathogenic fracture. Availability of bone mineral density (BMD) measurement techniques to assess disease status and intervention efficacy is a boon to osteoporosis patients. This review highlights available approaches to detect, diagnose and assess alveolar and systemic (postcranial) bone status using BMD.