Virtual Nurse Caring: Clinical Trials of Web Site Delivered Patient Education & Nursing Care pp. 175-194
Authors: (Carol Smith, University of Kansas, School of Nursing, Kansas City, Kansas, USA)
Abstract: Health education through patient and family member teaching materials available on carefully constructed websites has been shown to improve home health and evidence based chronic illness care. Family members and the patients need to learn about medications, physical care, nutrition, medical treatments, and emotional reactions to disease. Providing patient and family education on various Internet websites aligns with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) priority to coordinate treatments for those with multiple chronic illnesses (IOM, 2009). This chapter will describe empirically verified websites used to provide patient education and deliver nursing care from a distance. Elements of these websites and numerous strategies such as interactive learning that are discussed include: (1) patient and family caregiver evaluations and learning outcomes of their internet learning experiences; (2) advantages of having video clips and detailed illustrations to guide home illness care that families can manage; and (3) examples of traditional educational assumptions and learning principles in this information system-based instruction. Internet interactive capabilities are used to develop patients abilities to critique the sources of online information and tailor it to their home care needs. Learning is achieved by “doing,” or engaging patients in the use of information relevant to their everyday home care treatments.