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01.Climate Adversity: Yet Another Stressor for Rural Adolescents (pp. 513-519)
02.Climate Change and Child Health in Australia: Likely Futures, New Inequities? (pp. 493-500)
03.Flooding and Infectious Disease in Rural Children: Can Intervention Mitigate Predicted Increases in Disease Burden? (pp. 393-404)
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Climate Change Effects on Trematode and Nematode Diseases Affecting Children in Rural Areas of Developing Countries pp. 405-430 $0.00
Authors:  Santiago Mas-Coma, Maria A. Valero, and Maria D. Bargues
Among climate change impact on human health, the effects
on children living in poor rural areas of developing
countries pose a series of question marks and risks related
to climate-induced modifications of incidence, prevalence,
intensity and geographical distribution of infectious
diseases. Parasitic diseases are highly susceptible to
climatic variables due to their transmission following the
life cycle characteristics and links to abiotic and biotic
factors of the environment of both parasite causal agents
and transmitting invertebrate vectors. Helminthiases,
mainly trematodiases and nematodiases, have recently
shown to be also susceptible to changes induced by climate
change and global warming. In several, as fascioliasis
globally and schistosomiasis in Asia, consequences have
already been demonstrated, including increases of disease
transmission and human infection, as well as geographical
spread. In many others, their transmission characteristics,
highly dependent on climatic variables, have allowed to
predict similar consequences by means of mathematical
modelling, remote sensing from space satellites and
geographical information system computer methods. The
present review offers a baseline on the interaction of
climate change and the characteristics of trematodiases and
nematodiases known to have a great impact on children.
The complexity of climate change variables is analyzed
from the point of view of its expected impact on the
different transmission phases of the diseases more
susceptible to be modified, including fascioliasis,
fasciolopsiasis, gastrodiscoidiasis, schistosomiasis,
trichuriasis, ascariasis, visceral larva migrans by Toxocara,
ancylostomiasis, necatoriasis, cutaneous larva migrans by
ancylostomatids, lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis.
Concluding remarks for future research and immediate
action are finally added. 

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Climate Change Effects on Trematode and Nematode Diseases Affecting Children in Rural Areas of Developing Countries pp. 405-430