Ergometric Investigation of Work Capacity Ontogeny: Influence of Exogenic and Endogenic Factors pp. 129-164
Authors: (V.D.Soníkin, B.J. Gutnik, R.V. Tambovtseva, D. Nash, Russian State University of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism, Moscow, Russia, and others)
Abstract: This article is based on a long term (25 years) investigation in the laboratory of metabolism in the Institute for Developmental Physiology, Russian Academia of Education (Moscow). The study has involved application of Muller's mathematical model and Farfel's conceptual version of power zones. This approach allows objective estimation of the capacity of energetic resources in the developing human body. The method may be treated as a key for discovering some specific developmental patterns which manifest by deployment of energetic resources in infantile and juvenile persons. The method utilized two kinds of maximal possible cyclic physical activities of two standardized intensities. The main ergometric indices (relative power and maximal duration of performance) were used to calculate the potential individual capacity of aerobic and anaerobic energetic resources. The authors used both longitudinal and cross-sectional study of some developmental patterns of cyclic physical activities of scholars from 7 to 18 years-old. The research was conducted in two Moscow schools over a period of 25 years. The main scale of kinantropometric assessment employing the Heath and Carter somatotyping criteria was also used for each individual.