“His”, “Her” and “Their” Perceptions of Family Life: A Comparative Analysis of Fathers, Mothers and Adolescents (pp. 479-504)
Authors: Liat Kulik
Abstract: The goal of the study was to examine the extent of congruence in the perceptions of parents and their adolescent offspring with regard to the following dimensions of family life: the structural dimension (marital power relations, represented by division of household tasks and equality in decision-making); interpersonal relations (cohesion versus conflict); cognitive (perceived family coherence); and parenting (perceived parenting style of mothers and fathers). The sample comprised 399 Israeli participants from 133 families: mothers (n=133), fathers (n=133), and adolescent offspring (n=133 – 60 boys and 73 girls). The main research question was whether congruence in perceptions of family life is determined by family roles (parents versus offspring), or whether it is determined by gender (like-sex versus opposite-sex parent-child dyads). For most of the family life dimensions, congruence in perceptions of family members was determined more by family role than by gender.