Organizational Safety Climate: Impact of Gender on Perception of Workplace Safety (pp. 461-478)
Authors: Seth Ayim Gyekye and Simo Salminen
Abstract: The study examined the influence of gender on the perception of workplace safety by comparing the safety perceptions of male and female Ghanaian industrial workers on Hayes et al.'s 50-item Work Safety Scale (WSS): a scale that effectively captures dimensions identified by safety experts as influencing perceptions of workplace safety. In addition, it examined the role of gender in (i) compliance with safety management policies, and (ii) accident frequency. The number of participants was 320, of which 65% were male, and 38% were single. T – test was used to test for differences of statistical significance. As anticipated, gender differences were apparent on all variables: female workers had favorable perceptions of workplace safety more often than their male counterparts. They were more compliant with safety management procedures, and had a lower accident involvement rate. Marital status changes were incorporated in further analyses to assess the impact of the presence of a spouse on the gender effect. Differences on all eight variables were not of statistical significance. From a practical perspective, exploring the impact of demographical factors such as gender, on safety perception and accident frequency provides useful information for organizations and management on the need for special safety programs for particular groups, based on their demography.