“Biopsy of Oral Cavity: A Retrospective Study 10 Years”
Authors: F.N. Bartuli, F. Luciani, F. Caddeo, V. Panetta, A. Nisi, F. Cecchetti and C. Arcuri
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of the our job, was to analyze the prevalence and the distribution of the oral cavity’s pathologies, trough a retrospective and prospective study about histology evidences, taken trough an incisional and escissional biopsy included in a time between 2001 and 2010.
Materials and Methods: By using a experimental project, carried out on 2150 patients, programmed for the surgical operation in the Oral Surgery compartment, of the Odontostomatology Depart in the “S. Giovanni Calibita Hospital”, University of Rome “Tor Vergata” we have valued all the verified pathologies, analyzing the age and sex in which the neoformating has been presented, and the truthfulness of the extemporaneous exam, when necessary. On a sample of 2150 patients placed in a experimentation program in the time between the 2001 and 2010, 2096 patients have been checked from the clinical diagnosis till the definitive anatomic-pathologic diagnosis. 52 patients have been excluded from the experimentation because they were not proper for the protocol we have used.
Results: The patients we have treated are 52% male (1099 units) and the 48% female (997 units). The study has evidenced how the inflammatory injuries, are in prevalence in our sample with a total of 667 units (32% of the sample), divided in 350 male (52%) and 317 female (48%). It is also very important the statistical study of the precancerous injuries, that includes in the 75% of the cases, the ideal conditions for the evolution in a malign injury (CSC). The data we posses, are worrying, because they show an increase in the Italian population of 5-9% in the last 10 years.
Conclusion: Our clinical experience collected during the last 10 years of activity, leads to the following conclusions: when rightly programmed and performed, biopsy is a diagnostic-instrumental mini invasive means, considering the factors that influence the lapse, it is able to give clinical and necessary answers, for permanent diagnosis of uncertain pathologies or difficult interpretation.