Nova Publishers
My Account Nova Publishers Shopping Cart
HomeBooksSeriesJournalsReference CollectionseBooksInformationSalesImprintsFor Authors
  Top » Catalog » Books » Internet » My Account  |  Cart Contents  |  Checkout   
Quick Find
Use keywords to find the product you are looking for.
Advanced Search
What's New? more
_Cancer Research Journal - This journal ceased publication after 4#4 (2010). Back Issues are available.
Shopping Cart more
0 items
Shipping & Returns
Privacy Notice
Conditions of Use
Contact Us
01.Mobile Telephones: Networks, Applications, and Performance
02.Internet and Suicide
03.Academic Librarianship in the 21st Century
04.Cybersecurity, Botnets, and Cyberterrorism
05.Cyberterrorism and Computer Attacks
06.Cybercrime: An Overview of the Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Statute and Related Federal Criminal Laws
07.Cyberinfrastructure Technologies and Applications
08.The E-Society
09.Building an Intelligent Assisted Instructional Design System
10.Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries
Notifications more
NotificationsNotify me of updates to Individual Differences In Web Search Behavior: Impacts Of Usersí Cognitive Style, Search Experience And Self-Assessed Problem-Solving Ability (pp. 29-49)
Tell A Friend
Tell someone you know about this product.
Individual Differences In Web Search Behavior: Impacts Of Usersí Cognitive Style, Search Experience And Self-Assessed Problem-Solving Ability (pp. 29-49) $25.00
Authors:  Kim, Kyung-Sun (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Two studies were conducted to investigate how usersí individual difference influences their Web search behavior. The first study is focused on the effects of cognitive style and online search experience, while the second the effects of cognitive style, online search experience and problem solving ability/style on the Web search and navigational behavior. In the first study, forty-eight undergraduate students with diverse academic backgrounds participated. Cognitive style of the participants was determined based on the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) scores, and the national norm was used to select participants and to assign them to either field-dependent (FD) or field-independent (FI) group. On the basis of cognitive style and prior experience with online database search, the participants were assigned to one of the following groups: (1) field-dependent with little or no online search experience (FDNOVICE), (2) field-dependent with substantial online search experience (FDEXPERIENCED), (3) field-independent with little or no online search experience (FINOVICE), and (4) field-independent with substantial online search experience (FIEXPERIENCED). It was found that cognitive style influenced search time while online search experience affected navigational style, such as jumps and layer traversal. Cognitive style and online search experience also interacted to influence search performance and navigational style. The FD-NOVICEs navigated the Web in a fairly linear mode, using embedded links frequently. They also tended to visit more nodes, and used Home button more frequently than the rest, which resulted in a longer task completion time. The results imply that as the FD searchers gain more online search experience, their navigational style and search performance on the Web change and become comparable to the FIís. In the second study, participants consisted of seventy-eight undergraduate students with substantial Web search experience. Participantsí cognitive style and problem-solving ability/style were determined based on the GEFT and Problem-Solving Inventory (PSI), respectively. Based on a median split of PSI scores, the participants were assigned to one of two groups: POSITIVE (those assessed their problem-solving ability/style positively) and NEGATIVE (those assessed their problemsolving ability/style negatively). The groups were further divided into eight groups that were again formed based on median split of the GEFT and online search experience scores: (1) POSITIVE-FD-NOVICE, (2) POSITIVE-FD-EXPERIENCED, (3) POSITIVE-FI-NOVICE, (4) POSITIVE-FI-EXPERIENCED, (5) NEGATIVE-FD-NOVICE, (6) NEGATIVE-FDEXPERIENCED, (7) NEGATIVE-FI-NOVICE, and (8) NEGATIVE-FI-EXPERIENCED. It was found that problem-solving style had an impact on the use of keyword search: those who assessed their problem-solving style negatively used a higher number of keywords, although no difference on search performance was found between the POSTIVE and NEGATIVE groups. The results imply that individuals who assess their problem-solving ability/style negatively tend to be a rather impulsive and inefficient searcher, depending on trial-and-error rather than careful planning. It was also found that the POSTIVE-FI-EXPREINCED was the one using jump tools more frequently than the rest. Based on these findings, some suggestions are made to improve the Web interface and Web user training programs. 

Available Options:
Special Focus Titles
01.Violent Communication and Bullying in Early Childhood Education
02.Cultural Considerations in Intervention with Women and Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
03.Chronic Disease and Disability: The Pediatric Lung
04.Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Health: New Research
05.Fire and the Sword: Understanding the Impact and Challenge of Organized Islamism. Volume 2

Nova Science Publishers
© Copyright 2004 - 2021

Individual Differences In Web Search Behavior: Impacts Of Usersí Cognitive Style, Search Experience And Self-Assessed Problem-Solving Ability (pp. 29-49)