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Neural Adaptations Associated with Locomotor Muscle Fatigue, pp. 87-107 $100.00
Authors:  (Stéphane Perrey, Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory, University Montpellier I, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Montpellier, France)
It is well known that several biomechanical aspects of locomotion are altered with
the onset of whole-body fatigue that can precipitate propulsive limb injuries. Significant
locomotor muscle fatigue, commonly defined as an exercise-induced reduction in
maximal voluntary force produced by the locomotor muscles occurs during sustained
dynamic exercise. By contrast, muscle fatigue could also be considered as a positive
phenomenon, which protects muscle tissue from damage that might be incurred to it by
overuse. Besides studying the muscle contractile properties of the limb muscles, the
recent application of noninvasive electrophysiological and brain imaging techniques
revealed insights into the central control of locomotion and the neural adaptations
induced by fatigue. The current review presents neurophysiological adaptations induced
by fatiguing exercise and their influences on locomotor behavior. It emphasizes the
plasticity of the neuromuscular system, particularly the spinal and supraspinal structures
during some locomotor tasks. An understanding of the site, nature, and cause of
locomotor muscle fatigue is explored. It is proposed that detecting changes in the
underlying physiology of the muscle fatigue before the onset and development of an
injury, may facilitate the development of effective injury prevention strategies. 

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Neural Adaptations Associated with Locomotor Muscle Fatigue, pp. 87-107