Preliminary Assessment for the Relation of Smoking and Dental Morbidity in Egypt
Authors: Mohamed M. A. Mohsen, Inas M. G. El-Zayat and Mai E. S. El-Banna and Ali I. Abdalla
Abstract: Purpose: This study aims to assess the prevalence and severity of dental caries in male smokers and non-smokers with different educational backgrounds in randomized samples of 24-45, and 45 and above years-old individuals.
Methods: This study was conducted on 315 male patients, attending the Misr International University dental clinics. Participants were grouped according to age and education.
Results: no statistical significant difference in the DMFT, DMFS, DT, DS, MT and MS mean values between smokers 5.27±3.32, 11.75±9.75, 3.29±2.53, 4.75±3.05, 1.74±1.1 and 6.63±5.3 respectively, while for non-smoker males the mean values were 6.49±3.96, 13.14±11.6, 3.61±2.42, 5.23±3.8, 2.047±1.8 and 7.5±6.01 respectively in the age group 24-45 years. Also, significance difference in the mean values of FT and FS between smokers and non-smokers in the age group ranged from 45 and above years old. Statistical analysis revealed no significance difference in the mean values of DMFT, DMFS, DT, DS, MT, and MS between smokers and non-smokers.
Conclusion: Numerous influencing factors which could contribute directly or indirectly to the elevated prevalence of dental caries in smokers such as tobacco habits other than smoking, oral hygiene habits, eating habits, drinking habits, preventive visits to dentist (dental recalls) and overall health standards.