“Is The Periodontium an Index of Your Mind?” - A Crossectional Study to Evaluate the Relationship Between Life Events and Periodontitis.
Authors: S. Raja, Vinayak Joshi, Ravi Shirahatti, Girish Byakod, I.K. Kanteshwari and Nagendra Babu
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of life events on periodontal disease.
Materials and methods: A crossectional study was designed wherein 60 subjects were examined. Assessment of clinical measures was done and psychological stress level in subjects with and without periodontitis was assessed using Gurmeet Singh’s Presumptive life event scale which is modification of modification of the Social readjustment scale by Homes & Rahe. Subjects with gingival inflammation and clinical attachment loss in atleast 4 sites in the mouth were considered to be having periodontitis while the those subjects who were systemically healthy without any attachment loss and gingival inflammation were considered having no periodontal disease.
Results: Results revealed the number of negative life events, negative scores, and impact scores were significantly higher in subjects with periodontal disease. A significant correlation between negative life events, negative score and clinical attachment loss was observed. Attachment loss score was negatively correlated with positive life events when adjusted for other variables. Plaque index and gender were also significantly correlated with clinical attachment loss.
Conclusions: Psychological stress is significantly associated with periodontal disease.