Authors: (Donna T. Geddes, Vanessa S. Sakalidis, School of Biomedical, Biomolecular and Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Life and Physical Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia)
Abstract: Breast milk is the ‘gold standard’ of infant nutrition providing not only nutrition for optimal growth but immune protection as well. Many women initiate breastfeeding however few continue to breastfeed for the recommended 6 months (World Health Organization). Management of lactating women is predominately experience-based therefore lack of
diagnostic tests and evidence-based treatment is likely to contribute to early weaning. Ultrasound imaging is not routinely used as a diagnostic tool during lactation however new research suggests that is a promising modality capable of identifying both breast and infant
sucking pathologies. Imaging of the non-lactating breast is well established however little imaging is performed during lactation. Ultrasound during lactation is relatively simple provided settings
are optimized to accommodate the increased amount of glandular tissue. Furthermore an understanding of the growth of the breast during pregnancy and changes during lactation as well as lactation pathology enhance diagnoses.