Identification and Clinical Relevance of Gram-Positive Spore Formers pp. 233-250
Authors: (Obinna Chukwuemeka Nwinyi, Olayinka Oyewale Ajani, Department of Biological Sciences, School of Natural and Applied Sciences College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria, and others)
Abstract: The gram positive spore former constitutes a group of widely distributed infectious microorganism which has posed serious threat to public health. This group comprises the Bacillus, Clostridium, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species. The authors reviewed the current trends involved in the mode of action in causing disease of man and animals. In this study, key gaps knowledge in identification, diagnosis, pathology, epidemiology, treatment, prevention and control were brought to the fore, with aim of providing knowledge in dealing with quick diagnosis, cure/ prevention of diseases caused by these groups of microorganisms. Some of the medically important diseases discussed include: anthrax, botulism and tetanus. These diseases have caused serious strain on the budgets of most nations in providing prompt diagnosis, treatment and control of such diseases for their citizenry.