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01.Statin, A Two Edged Sword: Beneficial and Adverse Effects? (pp. 1-16)
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Statin, A Two Edged Sword: Beneficial and Adverse Effects? (pp. 1-16) $45.00
Authors:  R. B. Singh, S. Chaithiraphan, Jan Fedacko, Viola Vargova, Brian Tomlinson and Fabien De Meester
Abstract:
Background: There is evidence that statins are potent and effective agents. With several pleiotropic effects for treatment of coronary artery disease(CAD). Statin may have adverse effects, if given in higher doses and in combinations, indicating that it may be a two edged sword. Methods: Internet search till 2009 and discussion with colleagues. Results: The decade of 1990s was christened”the statin decennial” and the Nobel Laureates proposed ”CAD;gone with the statins”. Statins are wonder drugs influencing wide range of physiological, biochemical,and biological functions.This list appears to be quite large and includes hypolipidemic, vasodilative, antithrombotic, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antiproliferative, anticoagulant, agiogenic and bone formation inducing functions. Myopathy is the most frequent side effect of statins and in some cases may have a form of severe rhabdomyolysis. Less common adverse effects include hepatotoxicity, peripheral neuropathy, impaired myocardial contractility and autoimmune diseases. Rare manifestations of statin intolerance may be; pulmonary, psychiatric, ophthalmic and amyotropic lateral sclerosis. The risk of these unfavorable effects is largely outweighed by great reduction of cardiovascular events in statin users. The spectrum of statin-related myopathy ranges from common but clinically benign myalgia to rare but life-threatening rhabdomyolysis. Observational studies suggest that myalgia can occur in up to 10% of persons prescribed statins, whereas rhabdomyolysis continues to be rare. The mechanisms of statin-related myopathy are unclear. The criteria of diagnosis of myopathy do not bother about the symptoms of patients in absence of raised muscle enzymes.Coenzyme Q10 is not considered in prophylaxis because one study showed no decrease in CoQ in the muscle in presence of toxicity, although several studies indicate a reduction in serum levels. Conclusion: Statins would be used more commonly in near future due to their cholesterol lowering and antiinflammatory effects. There would be a marked increase in the Number of patients with statin toxicity. Several studies have reported a significant reduction in the serum CoQ in patients receiving statins.Such concern has also been expressed by the International College of Cardiology in their meeting in April 2002 and 2005 and 2009, proposing that coenzyme Q10 should be considered in the prevention as well as treatment of statin intoxication. 


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Statin, A Two Edged Sword: Beneficial and Adverse Effects? (pp. 1-16)