Production of Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom) Grown on Sugar Cane Biomass (Trash, Bagasse and Pith) pp. 77-104
Authors: (Noé Aguilar-Rivera, Adolfo Castillo Moran, Daniel Arturo Rodríguez Lagunas, Joaquín Murguia Gonzalez, Universidad Veracruzana, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Córdoba, Veracruz México)
Abstract: Mushroom culture is a biotechnological process that recycles ligninocellulosic wastes and can be produced on natural materials from agriculture, woodland, animal husbandry, and manufacturing industries and the spent substrates can be used in different ways (soil conditioner, compost, cattle feed). Edible mushrooms are highly appreciated and have a commercial potential in many countries. They have a chemical composition, which is attractive from the nutritional point of view for protein. Mushroom yields and biological efficiency vary according to biological factors, environmental conditions and growing substrates.
Mushroom cultivation is a well-established and profitable agribusiness carried out worldwide on a large or small scale. Cultivation on sugarcane substrates is an option to be considered due to low cost as substrate, physic-chemical structure, and their positive economical, social and environmental factors for the sugarcane cultivation areas in a sugarcane diversification concept in comparison with other agricultural by-products. However, successful technology transfer programs to increase yields and reduce production costs of edible mushrooms are limited. The sustainable model for production of edible mushrooms represents a strategy that allows large-scale, small-scale, and domestic cultivation to promote regional development.
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