Basidiomycetes Mushrooms of Brazilian Tropical Rainforests: Biodiversity and Biological Applications pp. 251-268
Authors: (Luiz H. Rosa, Susana Johann, Carlos L. Zani, Carlos A. Rosa, Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, and others)
Abstract: Basidiomycetes mushrooms comprise a diversity of gill fungi that occur in most terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. However, data about their diversity and biological applications in tropical ecosystems remain almost unknown. Some Basidiomycetes species from Brazilian tropical rainforests have been described as sources of primary and secondary bioactive compounds with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antiparasitic, and antitumoral metabolites and as nutraceutical foods. In addition, some Basidiomycetes have demonstrated potential as producers of interesting prototype molecules for the development of drugs useful in medicine. The purpose of the present chapter will be to summarize the current status of the diversity, biotechnological use, and ability to produce different bioactive compounds of Basidiomycetes mushrooms from Brazilian tropical rainforests.