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Ceramic Membranes in the Treatment of Fish Processing Effluents (pp. 211-248) $100.00
Authors:  (Raúl Pérez-Gálvez, M.C. Almécija, Emilia M. Guadix, J.P. Bergé, Antonio Guadix, Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain, and others)
Abstract:
Membrane separation processes are increasingly used in the fields of chemical engineering, effluent treatment processes and separation/purification of products for biotechnology applications. Here, the key property that is exploited is the ability of the membrane to allow one or more components of a mixture to permeate the membrane freely, while rejecting the others. Separations with membranes do not require additives, and they can be performed isothermically at low temperatures with less energy consumption compared to other thermal separation processes. Furthermore, membrane-based technologies have been scaled to industrial scenarios and they can be easily attached to other unit operations. In terms of membrane material, ceramics have recently emerged for applications requiring high thermal or chemical stability (e.g. long cleaning cycles or abrasive cleaning agents), and an adequate fouling control in the course of the separation. Besides their mechanical robustness, they can bear extreme temperatures (up to 350ºC) and pH (1 – 13), and resist most of the chemical solvents and oxidant agents, enabling severe cleaning protocols. A ceramic membrane is an asymmetric structure composed of a macroporous support and a filtering layer, know as active layer. This latter is direct contact with the liquid, and is formed by deposition of ceramic particles from alumina, zirconia or titania depending on the desired pore size, forming a filtering layer with an average thickness on the order of 20 μm. The selectivity and separation efficiency of a ceramic membrane depends on the pore size distribution (usually between 2 – 6 μm) among its active layer. 


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Ceramic Membranes in the Treatment of Fish Processing Effluents (pp. 211-248)