One Approach to Regional Drought Classification pp. 243-266
Authors: (Ruzica Stricevica, Nevenka Djurovica, Zeljko Djurovicb, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Soil Management Department, Nemanjina, Zemun, Serbia, and others)
Abstract: Over the past several decades, drought events in Serbia have become increasingly
frequent. There is no temporal pattern and relatively homogeneous regions tend to exhibit
varying degrees severity and non-uniform spatial distributions of drought. The impact of
scarce or excessive precipitation during a specific time period largely depends on the
local geography, climate, vegetation and other factors. Agriculture in Serbia is
traditionally rainfed and the question is often raised, who has suffered more from drought
and who should receive more subsidies. The task of the government, as the highest
instance in the decision-making process, is to make such decisions based on a set of local
parameters reflecting a large number of regions. The approach leading to a general
decision using a series of local indicators needs to be objective and founded upon both
physical observations and statistical decision-making methods. The main objective of this
paper is to propose an approach to the characterization of individual areas within a region
(the lowland region of Vojvodina) from a drought severity perspective during the
growing season, and to then validate the procedure in areas of another region (the hilly
region of Sumadija), whose characteristics differ to a large extent but which is under the
administrative jurisdiction of the same legislative bodies in Serbia.
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