Authors: Becky P.Y. Loo (The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Abstract: The e-society is characterized by the pervasive influence of advanced technologies in (micro)electronics, informatics and telecommunications on people‟s mindsets and lifestyles. In the first place, electronics, particularly microelectronics, are widely applied not only in producer but also consumer devices and equipment. The miniaturization of electronics greatly enhances the attractiveness of these e-devices and equipment. In particular, the use of microelectronics in semiconductors allows personal computers to “get into” people‟s homes and other mobile electronic devices to be carried around everywhere people go. The wide spectrum of these electronic devices and equipment is called e-devices. They range from computers, mobile phones, (interactive/cable) televisions, personal digital assistants (PDAs), electronic kiosks, other forms of devices and equipment controlled by microchips and tags. Many of these e-devices use telecommunications services but some do not. Examples of the latter include smart cards which essentially store and retrieve digital information, multi-media kiosks which only allow limited local access to particular computers or servers, and radio frequency identification (RFID) tags which rely primarily on the one-way detection of signals.