Plotting Targets for a Zero Waste Strategy on the World Summit Time Scale (pp.1-24)
Authors: (Manfred Fehr, Institute of Geography, Federal University at Uberlāndia, Uberlāndia MG, Brazil)
Abstract: A general strategy is proposed for establishing and reaching targets of municipal waste management in developing countries. Strategic points of progress are plotted on the time scale established by the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development. The turning point occurs when complete collection service is provided. Two twelve-year intervals lead from the initial conditions in any city up to the turning point, and another two intervals trace the progress from the turning point to a zero waste situation. The amount of effort required to satisfy all targets is a function of the initial collection coverage and the demographic expansion, and is quantified in this study. As result, the targeting plot is presented, which in essence can be used with the appropriate local numbers by any municipality of the developing world. The study terminates with the presentation and discussion of key tactical parameters to support the basic strategy. The targeting plot may be returned as a guide for elaborating the directives of future world summits on sustainable development, thus closing the loop.
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