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Assessment of Metalinguistic Awareness and Strategy Use of Young EFL Learners (pp. 87-116) $100.00
Authors:  (Eleni Griva, Dora Chostelidou, Eleni Tsakiridou, University of Western Macedonia, Greece)
This chapter focuses on the issues of language awareness and strategy use and their
importance for effective and efficient foreign language learning. Language awareness,
which has been defined as a person’s conscious awareness of the nature of language and
the sensitivity to the forms and functions of language (Carter, 2003; Malmberg, 2001), is
a crucial aspect of language learning (van Lier, 1996) on a meta-cognitive level (Prtic-
Soons,2008). Learning strategies have been conceived as devices, which a learner may
use to acquire knowledge, and operations used by a learner that facilitate the acquisition,
storage, retrieval or use of information (O’Malley, 1985; Oxford, 1990). Learning
strategies act as catalysts when employed by EFL students in order to facilitate
themselves in reading, writing, listening and speaking and ultimately affect mastering the
target language. The study was designed and conducted with the purpose to assess the
needs of primary school students concerning their language awareness and identify their
language strategies in FL. The sample consisted of a total of 1107 students (562 boys and
545 girls, mean age 11.3) who attended the 5th grade (591 students) and the 6th grade (516
students) of public primary schools in Northern Greece. A self-report questionnaire was
used as the basic instrument, which comprised three basic sections: a) language
awareness components, b) learning strategies and skills, c) language learning aspects. The
findings revealed statistically significant differences between the two school grades in a
number of items related to language awareness and language strategies. Nevertheless, it
was indicated that students would benefit from developing a greater degree of selfawareness
in FL learning and metacognition in strategy use. For this reason, the raising of
students’ language awareness and the improvement of strategy use need to be
reconsidered and reinforced through the introduction of specifically stated objectives in
the FL primary education curriculum and the provision of systematic student training. 

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Assessment of Metalinguistic Awareness and Strategy Use of Young EFL Learners (pp. 87-116)