Memory Base of Language and its Implication for Second Language Learning (pp.189-204)
Authors: (Xia Yu, University of Southampton, United Kingdom)
Abstract: The memory base of language has not been attached importance to following the
disfavour of behaviourism in linguistics and audiolingual method in second language
pedagogy as a result of the powerful influence of Chomskyan theory starting from 1960s.
This paper argues for the need of the reappraisal of the role of memory in second
language acquisition by drawing insights from recent development in psycholinguistics,
applied linguistics and corpus linguistics. I will begin by reviewing the dual-nature view
of language, and then discuss it in relation to formulaicity of language. After that, I
present evidence from corpus linguistics. What follows is the discussion of rehearsal and
implicit learning in relation to memory from the perspective of psycholinguistics. I then
examine the role of formulaic language in second language acquisition by taking stock of
empirical findings that have accumulated in this area. Finally, by way of conclusion, I
review how memory-based aspect of language has been attempted to be reflected in
second language teaching curriculum and practice.