Acupuncture for the Treatment of Low Back Pain (pp. 207-214)
Authors: (G. Martínez-Crespo, C. Vázquez Sousa, Facultativo Especialista Adjunto del Servicio de Medicina Fisica y Rehabilitacion, Hospital de La Merced, Osuna, Sevilla, Spain, and others)
Abstract: Introduction. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most important public health problems, as well as one of the main causes of disability among adults of working age. In addition to traditional interventions for LBP, such as medication, exercise or behavioural therapy, acupuncture has gained popularity as a complementary therapy. Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medical therapy characterized by the insertion of metal needles through the skin at specific points on the body to relieve pain and promote health. The aim of this chapter is a review of the scientific literature about the effectiveness of acupuncture for the treatment of low back pain. Results. In the reviewed literature, a number of studies on acupuncture for LBP have been published. However, conclusions regarding the efficacy of acupuncture for this common problem have been remained contradictory, current data show that acupuncture effectively relieves chronic low back pain (CLBP). No evidence suggests that acupuncture is more effective than other active therapies. It is more effective than sham acupuncture and no additional treatment for providing short-term relief of CLBP. Conclusion. Acupuncture has beneficial effects on chronic back pain and it is a safe alternative treatment that it must be considered in all patients with for CLBP.