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Emerging Trends in Plant Poisonings (pp.233-242) $100.00
Authors:  (Dan D. Petersen, University of Cincinnati, Department of Horticulture, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA)
The species of plants involved in the most frequent human poisonings and the severity of the health effects have been changing over time. Using data from the American Association of Poison Control Centers and other Drug and Poison Information Centers, we analyzed the incidence and trends of human plant poisonings. The most prominent groups of plants involved in exposures are those containing oxalates, and the most common symptom was gastroenteritis. The top 10 identified plants (in descending order) nationally were Spathiphyllum species (peace lilly), Philodendron species (philodendron), Euphorbia pulcherrima (poinssettia), Ilex species (holly), Phytolacca americana (pokeweed), Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy), Capsicum (pepper), Ficus (rubber tree, weeping fig), Crassula argentea (jade plant) and Diffenbachia (dumb cane). Approximately 3.4% of the approximately 4.3 million annual calls to the AAPCC centers involved plants, with a higher fraction (4.5%) for pediatric exposures. Nearly 70% of plant exposures occurred in children under six. Only 8% of cases required treatment in a health-care facility, and only 0.1% (in 2008) were considered severe outcomes. The nature of the various toxins, the symptomatology and potential treatments are discussed for the most frequent plant species. 

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Emerging Trends in Plant Poisonings (pp.233-242)