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Epidemiology of Listeria Monocytogenes in RTE Fermented Meat and Smoked Fish Products (pp. 129-140) $100.00
Authors:  (D. Meloni, A. Mureddu, F. Piras, R. Mazza, S. Lamon, S.F. Consolati, F. Fois, R. Mazzette, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy)
Abstract:
Listeria monocytogenes is an ubiquitous organism, widely distributed in the environment. The principal reservoirs are soil, forage and water. Other reservoirs include healthy humans and animals (ILSI, 2005) or infected domestic and wild animals (EFSA, 2011). L.monocytogenes is also the etiologic agent of listeriosis, which occurs in humans and animals. Since the beginning of the 1980’s L. monocytogenes has been recognized as an emerging food-borne pathogen after several sporadic and epidemic cases of listeriosis occurred in Europe and the USA (Kathariou, 2002). Recently the incidence of sporadic cases rose again in Europe (Gillespie et al., 2006; Goulet et al., 2008; Cairns and Payne, 2009). Two main forms of listeriosis have been described in humans: febrile gastroenteritis in healthy individuals and life-threatening invasive infections in susceptible individuals, with the latter posing a serious problem to public health. In fact, invasive human listeriosis is a rare but severe infection, typically causing septicemia, encephalitis and meningitis (Vazquez-Boland et al., 2001; Swaminathan and Gerner-Smidt, 2007) in defined high-risk groups: young, old, pregnant and immune-compromised, the so called “YOPI” (De Cesare et al., 2007). Listeriosis is the fifth most common zoonotic disease in Europe, less common than other diseases (eg. by Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Campylobacter jejuni or Salmonella spp.). It has an incidence of 3.3 cases per 1.000.000 population per year (Zunabovic et al., 2011), an estimated case fatality rate of 20 up to 30% (Swaminathan and Gerner-Smidt, 2007) and the
highest hospitalization rate (90%) of all food -borne pathogens with additional long term sequelae in some patients (Manfreda et al., 2005; Jemmi and Stephan, 2006). 


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Epidemiology of Listeria Monocytogenes in RTE Fermented Meat and Smoked Fish Products (pp. 129-140)