The Use of Platelet Rich Plasma in Sports Injuries: Where Do We Stand? (pp. 213-236)
Authors: (Nikolaos E. Koukoulias, Georgios Ath. Konstantinidis, Evangelia Germanou, Athanasios Papavasiliou, Christos Sinopidis, St. Luke's Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece)
Abstract: Musculoskeletal injuries are often difficult to treat, due to the inherently low response of the damaged tissue to the healing process. Moreover, there is an increasing demand of sport patients in speed recovery and return to the pre-injury level of activity. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous blood graft with high platelet concentration. It has been reported that growth factors, released by platelet, stimulate the healing process of soft tissue. As a result, the use of PRP enhances the reparative process, using the patient's own growth factors. The application of PRP in sports injuries has been widely expanded recently due to the safety of the product and the promotion by the medical industry. PRP is now used for the treatment of muscle, tendon, cartilage and ligament injuries. The aim of this article is to review the current evidence in the literature that support the use of PRP in sports injuries.