China’s rapidly developing military capabilities have forced U.S. policy makers to reconsider their own military infrastructure. The primary concern of this book is to examine how China’s military modernization will be factored into decisions about U.S. Navy programs. Several elements of China’s military modernization have potential implications for future required U.S. Navy capabilities. These include theater-range ballistic missiles (TBMs), land-attack cruise missiles (LACMs), anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs), surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), land-based aircraft, submarines, surface combatants, amphibious ships, naval mines, nuclear weapons, and possibly high-power microwave (HPM) devices. This book will examine how these elements and others will influence the future of the United States Navy.